Corporate and Securities
Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP is regularly recognized by Chambers USA as a highly regarded law firm in the area of corporate/mergers and acquisitions. Chambers USA ranks leading firms and lawyers in an extensive range of practice areas throughout America. In particular, Chambers noted expertise in SPACs, IPOs and secondary offerings, PIPEs, venture financings and advisory work.
In 2017, the Firm was ranked #2 in the U.S. for most actively involved in IPOs of all law firms. The Firm handled 13 IPOs, whose companies raised more than $2.5 billion. The Firm also retained its #1 ranking in handling PIPEs/RD Financings on behalf of placement agents. The Firm also handled numerous M&A transactions, including three worth more than $1 billion each.
Securities Law and Capital Markets Back to top
Overview and Philosophy
The Firm’s Corporate and Securities Practice Group is comprised of more than 50 professionals and is one of the leading practices in the U.S. focusing on smaller public and private companies and the investment banks and capital sources that focus on this segment of the market. The Firm routinely represents public companies (presently over 80) and their officers, directors and employees in matters related to ongoing compliance with SEC regulatory requirements (i.e., Forms 10-Ks, 10-Qs and 8-Ks). We are proud to represent capital market participants driven by the entrepreneurs who are intent to grow and finance their businesses. The Firm provides legal services for companies in a variety of industries, including life sciences consumer products, social networking, information processing, telecommunications, Internet and software and real estate. Gi Gven the Firm's level of transactional sophistication and our commitment to efficiency, the Firm can often offer "flat fee" arrangements, which we have done for 25 years as a courtesy to clients, which we feel is important to maintain strong attorney-client relationships.
The Firm distinguishes itself from many other transactional law firms on the basis of its ability to be part of the establishment of new alternative securities programs; such as, crowdfunding, registered blind pool offerings (commonly referred to as SPACs), "registered direct", private investments in public entities (commonly referred to as " PIPEs") and reverse mergers and alternative public offerings ("Reverse Merger"), where the Firm's professionals have played leadership roles within each of those industries - assisting in the creation, formation and strategies relating to those financings, as well as, working closely with the regulatory agencies, including the SEC and FINRA; and listing exchanges such as NYSE AMEX and NASDAQ. The Firm also has many clients whose securities trade over-the-counter on the Pink Sheets. Having cooperated and advised the Pink Sheets on its OTCQX marketplace, the Firm is also proud to be the first law firm ever to be approved as a Designated Advisor for Disclosure ("DAD") and Principal American Liason ("PAL"). Click here to view the presentation on the OTCQX.
Public Company Transactions
In our Securities Practice, we act as counsel to more than 80 public companies (including 20 Chinese issuers), as well as, numerous FINRA (formerly NASD) licensed underwriters and placement agents in connection with their financing activities, including private placements and public offerings of equity and debt securities. In 2017, the Firm was ranked #2 in the U.S. for most actively involved in IPOs of all law firms. The Firm handled 13 IPOs, whose companies raised more than $2.5 billion. The Firm also retained it's #1 ranking in handling PIPEs/RD Financings on behalf of placement agents. The Firm also handled numerous M&A transactions, including three worth more than $1 billion each. The Firm continues to be one of the most recognized firms in the U.S. for our SPAC practice (representing both issuers and underwriters). In 2010, we innovated a new SPAC structure for 57th Street General Acquisition Corp. that is now the accepted convention. Additionally, the Firm is quite active in representing Chinese operating companies interested in going public in the United States, or, have already done so previously. Over the course of the last 15 years, the Firm's lawyers have participated in excess of:
- 225 registered offerings; including,
- 135 SPAC registrations;
- 45 SPACquisitions;
- 750 Registered Directs/PIPEs; and
- 40 Reverse Mergers
We advise issuers on complying with the complex securities laws, rules and regulations that these companies must comply with, including proxy rules, other periodic reporting requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (such Forms 10-Q, 10-K and 8-K) and other compliance matters such as Sarbanes-Oxley and other corporate governance matters, insider trading and conflicts of interest.
Law Firm Rankings:
Our growth and successes led our Firm to achieve improved rankings among all U.S. law firms. In 2017 and 2016 EGS was ranked #1 in PIPEs/Registered Directs (agent's counsel). EGS has been one of the most active IPO law firms in the U.S. for the last 5 years.
Click here to view an updated list of Offerings that the Firm has been involved with for your review.
SPACs and Alternative Public Offerings
Most Active SPAC Law Firm in the U.S. in 2015 and 2014 for SPAC IPOs and SPAC Acquisitions
For 25 years, members of the Firm have participated in alternative means of going public.
In 2010, we innovated a new SPAC structure for 57th Street General Acquisition Corp. that is now the accepted convention and which culminated in that company's acquisition of Crumb's Bakery in May 2011. Since 2008 the Firm was one of the leading U.S. law firms involved in each of the IPO, SPAC, Registered Directs/PIPEs and Reverse Merger industries. We were involved with nearly 50% of the SPACs in 2017.
A SPAC is a newly formed corporation by prominent and qualified sponsor/management team for the purpose of raising capital in an IPO in anticipation of identifying and consummating a business combination. A SPAC seeks to leverage the strength and recognition of the management team within an industry or geographic location to secure proprietary deal flow and identify attractive acquisition candidates. It provides public company transparency to investors with full disclosure and voting rights with respect to approving the proposed business combination.
Visit our SPACs Transactions
Visit our SPACs Resource Center
Mergers & Acquisitions Back to top
Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP is regularly recognized by Chambers USA as a highly regarded law firm in the area of corporate/mergers and acquisitions.
In 2017, the Firm was ranked #2 in the U.S. for most actively involved in IPOs of all law firms. The Firm handled 13 IPOs, whose companies raised more than $2.5 billion. The Firm also retained it's #1 ranking in handling PIPEs/RD Financings on behalf of placement agents. The Firm also handled numerous M&A transactions, including three worth more than $1 billion each.
The Firm acts as counsel to corporations and other entities (including private equity funds, venture capital funds, hedge funds, SPAC sponsors and other financial institutional investors), independent and special board committees, controlling stockholders and employee groups in acquisition and divestiture transactions, including strategic transactions, mergers of public companies, restructurings, auction sales, distressed sales, related party transactions, leveraged buyouts, joint ventures and minority investments and other privately negotiated sales and alliances. Transactions typically involve a wide variety of industries and range in size, with a focus on small to middle market companies. We are regularly engaged to act as special SPAC counsel on acquisitions involving SPACs. Additionally, we regularly are engaged by our existing public and private company clients, as well as investor groups, to represent them in their acquisition and divestiture transactions.
Merger and acquisition transactions are among the most complex of business arrangements. We have extensive experience in negotiating and completing these transactions, including negotiated, stock and asset purchases, tender and exchange offers, spin-offs, restructurings and acquisitions out of bankruptcy, leveraged buyouts, private equity investments and joint ventures.
Working together with colleagues in our Tax, Real Estate, Employment, Employee Benefits, Intellectual Property and Business Reorganization groups, we are able to structure, negotiate and complete these complex transactions. In connection with M&A opportunities, we also provide advice to boards of directors, board committees (including special committees), senior management and shareholders on a wide range of related corporate governance matters, including anti-takeover defenses and proxy contests.
The complex nature of mergers and acquisitions law requires proper due diligence be undertaken to ensure that critical details are not overlooked and shared with other clients. When representing the acquirer, we work closely with our clients to establish the right team of qualified and experienced attorneys to review the target company’s existing contractual obligations and other essential agreements, so that our client is fully aware of the material risks involved. We assist clients in their review of outstanding liabilities carried by the target company. Our goal is to help provide an accurate assessment of the target’s key assets.
CrowdFunding, Venture and Social Impact Investing Back to top
CrowdFunding describes the collective cooperation, attention and trust by people who network and pool their money via the Internet to support efforts initiated by other people or organizations. CrowdFunding occurs for any variety of purposes, from disaster relief to citizen journalism to artists seeking support from fans, to political campaigns, to funding a startup company, movie or small business or creating free software. Crowdfunding for the online sale of securities was signed into law on April 5, 2012 by President Obama, as part of the JOBS Act. Crowdfunding is currently legal with respect to the sale of securities and remains subject to the SEC approving applicable rules, which they are currently drafting.
Ellenoff Grossman & Schole has been heavily involved in the program since its inception. The Firm has sponsored conferences, webinars and has been invited to speak at different events on the topic. Douglas S. Ellenoff, a member of the Firm, has met with the SEC on many occasions to discuss many aspects of the proposed new law, how the industry currently operates and how both the SEC and FINRA will register and regulate funding portals and the crowdfunding activity to be conducted. Additionally, EGS is working with other securities professionals internationally to assist them with their fashioning of appropriate legislation to permit crowdfunding for securities in their jurisdictions.
The Firm is actively engaged with clients (funding portals, broker-dealers, technology solution providers, software developers, investors and entrepreneurs). In cooperation with the industry trade association, the Firm is discussing what level of regulatory review and monitoring is appropriate by the SEC and FINRA in balancing the interests of the program with investor protection. We have several attorneys that have become key players in the program. In particular, our Broker Dealer Regulatory Group, has shepherded many firms through the broker dealer membership process. They have participated on panels with the FINRA Membership Department to develop the New Membership Application Program and will be proactively working with regulators to establish guidelines for funding portals. The Firm has closely followed the legal developments since inception and is actively advising industry members on the proposed regulations. The Firm has written a CrowdFunding Alert that summarizes the key provisions and current status of the new reforms. Click here to read the alert.
The Firm represents companies at every-stage in the corporate life cycle from incubation, startup, growth, angel and venture financing, to mergr, acquisition, or IPO. In addition to working on financing transactions, we work with our clients to understand their long-term operational goals and develop strategies to realize their business plans. We advice on choice of entity, partner/shareholder agreements, corporate governance, director and officer liability, joint ventures, equity incentive programs and executive and employee compensation. We also counsel clients on financing through the sale of equity or debt in private placement and institutional/venture financing rounds, mergers and acquisitions, foreign subsidiaries, off-shore capital management and a diverse range of commercial transactions.
We remain current on the latest financing structures favored by angels, venture capitalists and private equity firms, and help to lead the evolution of this quickly developing area of law. We are familiar with a wide variety of alternative financing methods, including crowdfunding, and have had great success with finance-through-growth strategies involving early deals with critical strategic partners. Our goal is to help you adopt the best financing strategy, so that you can focus on growing your business.
We develop template agreements and processes for legal workflow and help standardize your confidentiality, assignment of invention, non-competition and other intellectual property related agreements and implement solid employee policies and other compliance documents. We lead negotiations with vendors, banks, landlords, employees, and professional services firms and work efficiently to minimize transaction time and costs. We are business-oriented and counsel industry participants on a day-to-day basis.
Social Impact Investing
Social impact investments are investments into companies, organizations, and funds with the intention to generate more than mere financial returns but also demonstrable social, community and/or environmental impact. Social impact investing occurs across asset classes, for example private equity/venture capital, debt and fixed income. EGS has a dedicated group of professional to assist the greater NYC Social Impact Investing community and broader Social Sector Finance industry; representing companies (for profit, public benefit corporation, not-for-profit, B corporations and hybrids) who are making investments intended to create positive impact beyond financial return, and as such, make a positive social and/or environmental impact through their activities. We advise on a wide range of transactions, including structured finance, fund formation, contracts, banking law, securities law, foreign exchange regulations, local laws and regulations, employment law, tax law and the structuring and governance of not-for-profit organizations. If a matter requires knowledge of a local jurisdiction in which we are not present, we draw on our large network of local counsel in countries around the world.
Visit our CrowdFunding Resource Center
Registered Direct/CMPOs/PIPE Transactions Back to top
The Firm has consistently been recognized as the most active law firm in the U.S. with experience in Registered Direct/PIPE transactions. The Firm has been involved in over 750 RD/PIPE Financings.
A Registered Direct offering is a negotiated sale by an issuer to one or more investors of securities that have been registered pursuant to an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 under Rule 415 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Rule 415 permits an issuer to register a specific dollar or share amount of securities without specifying the amount of any particular class or type of security or the timing or method of the offering. The issuer may then sell any or all of the registered securities directly to investors at a later date or dates of its choosing. A Registered Direct is like a PIPE in that securities are typically sold through a placement agent on a "best efforts" basis. Unlike in a PIPE transaction, investors in Registered Direct offerings receive free trading shares, and thus the pricing terms are typically more beneficial to the issuer than in a PIPE. The Firm is nationally recognized as one of the leading firms representing investment banks and institutional investors in private equity transactions of all types. These include registered direct and confidentially marketed public offering (or CMPO) transactions, PIPES and equity lines of credit, as well as more traditional underwritten public offerings. The members in our Corporate Practice group and their team have propelled the firm to be ranked at the top of all firms in the number of total completed PIPE and registered direct financings representing investors or investment banks according to the industry publications.
A PIPE or Private Investment in Public Equity is a private investment, either common stock or a convertible instrument, in a public company at a discount to the current market value per share. Within a short period following the investment in the public company, usually 30-60 days, the public company is required to file a registration statement and register the shares that were sold in the PIPE. The public company is usually required to have the registration statement declared effective within 90-150 days. A PIPE is a type of financing transaction undertaken by a public company, normally with a small number of sophisticated investors. In a typical PIPE, the company relies on an exemption from SEC registration requirements to issue investors common stock or securities convertible into common stock for cash. The company then registers with the SEC the resale of the common stock issued in the private placement, or issued upon conversion of the convertible securities issued in the private placement.
View our PIPE Transactions
Visit our PIPE Transactions Resource Center
Visit our Registered Direct Resource Center
A reverse merger is a transaction where by a private company becomes a public company by merging with a public shell company. A shell company is a company that has substantially no assets, except its corporate structure. A company can become a shell company by agreeing to spin off its current assets and liabilities at the time of the merger. Upon the merger, the private company shareholders receive a substantial majority of the shares of the public company (normally 90% to 95% or perhaps more) and the control of the board of directors, resulting in the private company becoming an operating public company. Prior to the merger, the transaction does not go through a review process with state and federal regulators. The transaction involves the private and shell company exchanging information on each other, negotiating the merger terms, and signing a share exchange agreement. At the closing, the public shell company issues a substantial majority of its shares and the board control to the shareholders of the private company.
In these transactions, private businesses merge with operationally inactive public entities, enabling the private business to become publicly-traded on its own, without the need to either identify an underwriter or go through the formal process of an IPO.
Visit our Reverse Merger Resource Center
China is a significant part of EGS's international practice. The Firm's Corporate and Securities Group represents U.S. companies with operations and activities in China, as well as Chinese enterprises that are listed or do business in the U.S. Our China practice has experience in a wide range of China-related matters, and we assist these businesses with strategic growth options, such as private equity financing, mergers and acquisitions, and public offerings. We have frequent and regular involvement in China-related transactions, including Reverse Mergers, Alternative Public Offerings, Private Placements, PIPEs, SPACs, IPOs, and Going Private Transactions. We also have extensive connections to the investment banks, hedge funds, private equity, and venture capital that are actively engaged in transactions related to China. Several of our attorneys that practice in this group are fluent in Mandarin and Cantonese, dialects and English, and we are able to prepare documentation in these languages and liaise with local PRC counsels to address related issues and concerns.
View our China Practice Transactions
Visit our International Practice Resource Center
Going Private Transactions Back to top
Given the significant disruptions to the public markets and corresponding adjustments to the valuations of public companies and their securities in recent years, managers and investors are increasingly exploring the possibility of taking these entities private, in "going private" transactions. We have experience representing management teams, independent 13D investors, public companies and independent/special committees. In general terms, a going private transaction is the exchange of cash for the shares of a company's existing public shareholders so that, at the end of the transaction, the company is permitted to terminate its public company status. Forms of going private transactions, include: (i) mergers of the company with a newly-formed company owned by the manager/control group; (ii) tender offers by the newly-formed company; or (iii) a self-tender by the company for its own shares. A going private transaction typically is initiated by a controlling shareholder or by a group of shareholders that either constitutes a majority or at least a control position in a company. Senior management of the company often comprises such a buyout group, often making going private transactions appear to be management buyouts.
Click here to view a presentation on Going Private in English and Chinese
General Corporate and Commercial Back to top
The Firm regularly advises domestic and offshore clients in connection with contractual matters, including, partnerships, strategic alliances, joint ventures, licenses, executive compensation, employment and consulting agreements, stock option plans and other routine business matters.
Dual and Cross Listings Back to top
As the inter-relationship of the global financial markets becomes more complex, the Firm has participated in several initiatives involving both foreign public issuers also seeking listing on U.S. exchanges and markets, as well as U.S. issuers exploring foreign listings, including on the AIM Market of the London Stock Exchange, the Toronto Stock Exchange and Euronext Amsterdam .
Securities Enforcement Back to top
The Firm routinely represents public companies and their officers, directors and employees in investigations and enforcement proceedings before the SEC, FINRA and other securities regulators. The Firm's securities litigators have represented companies before the SEC on a range of issues including insider trading, accounting misstatements, Regulation FD and valuation. The Firm also works with its clients to develop compliance programs in such areas as information barriers, insider trading and the purchase and sale of securities.
Investment Funds and Fund Management Back to top
The Firm represents U.S. and international investment advisers, private equity funds, real estate funds, hedge funds, venture capital funds, financial institutions and other pooled investment vehicles in all of their activities, including in connection with:
- formation of a range of investment vehicles, including both onshore and offshore fund structures (master-feeder, parallel vehicles, etc.), to accommodate a wide range of investors, liquidity and tax concerns, and asset classes;
- executing a range of investment strategies, including those involving trading in equities, public and private debt securities, derivatives, real estate (both single asset equity syndications and pooled funds), commercial mortgages, and RMBS and CMBS securities;
- structuring and executing investment transactions, including negotiated public investments in private equity (PIPEs) and registered direct investments in public companies, acquisitions of minority and majority stakes in public and private operating companies throughout the world, funds of funds, and originating and trading in commercial mortgages, investments in real estate and real estate joint ventures;
- negotiating investment management agreements, managed accounts, customized single investor funds, and other direct investment arrangements with clients;
- compliance with SEC, CFTC, NFA, and FINRA regulations and other applicable state and federal laws and related regulatory examinations;
- management company compensation and tax issues;
- negotiation and structuring of credit and liquidity agreements with prime brokers and other lenders; and
- serving as outside general counsel to funds, general partners and management companies.
Our investment management team has a broad range of relevant experience in the field, including sophisticated tax capability. We are cost effective enough to counsel emerging managers and smaller funds, but expert enough to counsel the largest asset managers in the world.
Investment Management Attorneys
Lawrence A. Rosenbloom